Local planning authorities protect trees in the interests of amenity by making Tree Preservation Orders (TPOs). Provisions are spread across primary and various secondary legislation and different rules apply depending on when the TPO is made. The Government is keen to simplify the TPO system. This reflects the Government’s ambition to cut through red tape that adds costs and puts unnecessary burdens on individuals, business and local government. Using powers in section 192 of the Planning Act 2008, these regulations put a simpler, fairer unified system in place for all existing and future TPOs in England.