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Planning Permission

Please note: different rules apply to paving over your front garden1.

Elsewhere around your house there are no restrictions on the area of land which you can cover with hard surfaces at, or near, ground level.

However, significant works of embanking or terracing to support a hard surface might need a planning application.

If you live in a listed building, you will need listed building consent for any significant works whether internal or external.

Please note: The permitted development allowances described here apply to houses and not to:

  • Flats and maisonettes (view our guidance on flats and maisonettes2
  • Converted houses or houses created through the ‘permitted development’ rights for:
  • Other buildings
  • Areas where there may be a planning condition, Article 4 Direction or other restriction that limits permitted development rights.

Also note that these rules only cover your patio/driveway. Any other work such as fences, walls and gates4 or a dropped kerb may require planning permission.

A planning consultant may help with the smooth running of your project. To find an accurate consultancy quote, explore Studio Charrette's calculators5.

Electric vehicle charging outlets 

For information about the installation of an outlet for charging an electric car on domestic property, please see the details in the common project for electrics and electric vehicle charging points6.

Dropping kerbs

If you are making a new access into the garden across the footpath you will need to obtain permission from the local council to drop the kerbs and the pavement may need strengthening. This is to protect any services buried in the ground such as water pipes.

Find a Trade Professional

Use our partner directories from CIAT, FMB, RIBA, or RTPI to find an chartered architectural technologist, builder, architect or planning consultant to help with your project or development.

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Useful links

Make an application Project estimating service


Planning consultancy calculator Financing your project
    1. https://www.planningportal.co.uk/permission/common-projects/paving-your-front-garden
    2. https://www.planningportal.co.uk/permission/common-projects/flats-and-maisonettes/introduction
    3. https://www.planningportal.co.uk/permission/common-projects/flats-and-maisonettes/introduction
    4. https://www.planningportal.co.uk/permission/common-projects/fences-gates-and-garden-walls
    5. https://www.planningportal.co.uk/permission/home-improvement/planning-consultancy-calculator
    6. https://www.planningportal.co.uk/permission/common-projects/electrics/electric-vehicle-charging-points

    The Planning Portal is delivered by PortalPlanQuest Limited which is a joint venture between TerraQuest Solutions Limited and the Department for Levelling Up, Housing & Communities. All content © 2022 Planning Portal.

    The Planning Portal is delivered by PortalPlanQuest Limited which is a joint venture between TerraQuest Solutions Limited and the Department for Levelling Up, Housing & Communities. All content © 2022 Planning Portal.